Real Estate Valuation: Process and Strategies For Newcomers

The most-typically requested issue is “What’s it really worth?”

The object in issue can be virtually nearly anything, from an old portray, to a vehicle or property. Whichever the object is, the remedy is the similar.

That it is really worth whatever a customer will pay for it.

So, just one way to get at the valuation of property is to attempt to sell the object. But it is impractical to sell anything just to set up its benefit, most in particular if the valuation is only expected for insurance intent.

A more realistic choice is to talk to for an expert’s view. A lot of companies and governing administration establishments have experts that recommend users of the general public on the benefit of their furnishings, paintings, silver, and so on.

The similar basic principle is used to the valuation of property. A chartered surveyor is an expert in the benefit of property who has broad knowledge in and know-how of the property marketplace.

Chartered surveyors are instructed to give valuations for a lot of uses. These uses may well be connected to mortgages, property rental values, insurance guidelines, probate, compulsory valuations, and so on.


Valuation is stated to be a final decision producing method. Each individual valuation poses a challenge which a Valuer have to establish and pick applicable approaches in estimating a specified and definite really worth.

Valuation is also a type of analysis undertaking, simply because, valuer gathers systematically the data expected in the assessment. Valuation method includes the pursuing phases:

  1. Definition of the valuation difficulties
  2. Producing a system
  3. Investigation/surveys
  4. Accumulating of data
  5. Analysis of the data                                                                                                6.  Reconciliation of benefit estimates
  1. Definition of the valuation challenge

The valuation challenge has to be defined by both of those the estate surveyor and the property operator or the owner’s agent. The difficulties relating to the place of the property, intent of valuation, date of valuation and date of submission of the report have to be well defined prior to getting up the assignment

two. Producing a system

There have to be a definite system for creating the report. The scope, the character and volume of function associated have to be established by  Valuer in producing a system. The concerns like the styles of property marketplace, desire and provide elements, the correct procedures of valuation to be adopted and resources of expected data have to be well resolved.

three. Investigation/Survey

The survey to be executed consists of inspecting the property to be  valued, producing tape measurements and noting the condition of repairs and the ailment of the property. No structural surveys are expected by the Valuer.

four. Accumulating of data

Facts to be collected for valuation assessment have to be legitimate and authoritative. Inquiring charges are not proof. The data collected have to be continually verified in order to reject the necessity and finally settle for the factual information

five. Analysis of the data

The collected and verified data have to more be analyzed in order to derive both of those the conclusions and the supreme conclusions.

6. Reconciliation of benefit estimates

The application of more than just one analytical approach to the verified data will outcome in benefit indications and benefit results that are not identical. It is remaining for the valuer to derive a solitary determine from the various indications of benefit formulated in the assessment.

Strategies of Valuation

The five procedures of valuation employed by chartered surveyors are elaborated beneath:

The initially and most prevalent approach for the valuation of property is:

1.  The Investment decision Process

The investment approach of valuation is employed for professional property. It includes converting a property’s revenue movement (rent) into an correct cash sum. The cash benefit of a property is hence instantly connected to its revenue creating ability.

To arrive at the valuation of a property for investment uses, the system is:

Value = Lease x A long time Obtain (Abbreviated as YP)

The A long time Obtain (YP) is a multiplier that converts rental revenue into a cash sum. In a property context it converts rent into benefit.

two.      The Comparison (or Comparative) Process

The comparison approach of valuation is employed generally for residential property. The approach applies to cash values. The purchases are not commonly for investment uses, but instead for occupation by the operator. The immediate comparison of cash values is employed for the valuation of property that is vacant. Any dissimilarity amongst properties’ cash values ought to be assessed cautiously, together with the professionals and drawbacks of every property, to arrive at a truthful comparison.

three.      The Charge Process /Contractors Process

When homes seldom change palms, their charge may well be employed to approximate their benefit.

The benefit is built up of the benefit of the land, together with the alternative charge of the making. What is expected is not the charge of an exact replicate of the current making, but the charge of delivering the similar accommodation in a equivalent type utilizing up-to-date construction methods.

The charge approach of valuation of property assumes that a future purchaser would be organized to pay the similar volume for the premises as it would charge him or her to obtain a equivalent property in other places.

The standard method for a contractors’ approach to the valuation of property is:

charge of web site


charge of making


Depreciation allowance

Obsolescence allowance


Value of current property

four.     Gains Process

For specific styles of property, cash benefit is approximated from the volume of trade or business executed at the property. Inns and general public homes present illustrations the place comparison with other homes is tough, as the benefit mostly depends on the property’s earning potential.

In these scenarios, the earnings approach is employed to get the gross earnings and then deduct the performing charges, which are curiosity on the cash furnished by the tenant and an volume for the tenant’s risk and enterprise. The remaining balance is the volume that can be compensated in rent. The approximated rental revenue can then be capitalized at an correct produce by examining gross sales of equivalent homes.

The standard equation on which the earnings approach is dependent is as follows:

Gross earnings

much less


Gross gain


Operating charges (except rent)


Net gain

5       The Residual / Development Process

This approach is employed when a property has likely for enhancement or redevelopment. Residual valuations for property are routinely built by men and women who obtain residential homes that they believe could be built more worthwhile if revenue had been used on improvements and modernization.

The standard equation on which the residual approach is dependent is as follows:

Value of the finished enhancement

much less

Complete expenditure on improvements or enhancement (Which include developer’s gain)


Value of web site or property in its present ailment (Residual benefit)


Aluko, B.T. (1999): “Home Valuation: Definition Principles and Scope”. A paper presented to M/S Akintilo & Co. Lagos on the 15th of May, 1999. PP. two & 22-28.

Baum, A., (1978): “Residual valuation: A Cashflow Strategy” Estate Gazettes”

Vol. 247 PP. 973-976.

Bonbright, J.C., (1937): The valuation of Home, New York MC Graw Hill.

Millington, A.F., (1988): Am Introduction to Home Valuation, London The Estate Gazette.

Richmond, D., (1985): Introduction to Valuation 2nd Version, London Macmillan.

R.I.C.S. (1981): Steerage Notes on the Valuation of Property, 2nd Version, London R.I.C.S.

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